Abusive Schemes

About the online training programme

Under the Regulation on wholesale Energy Market Integrity and Transparency (REMIT), the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER) has developed a Guidance. The document, although it is legally non-binding, provides important insights in what is considered abusive, also in the sense of market manipulation. There are various types of market manipulation, being classified in categories of abuse. The abusive behaviours are quite diverse, including physical withholding, a typical activity not applicable to markets where equity or bonds are traded, but physical commodities.

Course contents

This series of courses consists of the following video lessons, as well as an exam:

  1. Recital 13
  2. Recital 14
  3. Guidance – Introduction
  4. Guidance – Wash trade
  5. Guidance – Improper matched order
  6. Guidance – Placing orders with no intention executing them
  7. Guidance – Marking the close
  8. Guidance – Abusive squeeze
  9. Guidance – Cross-market manipulation
  10. Guidance – Physical withholding
  11. Guidance – Scalping
  12. Guidance – Pump & dump
  13. Guidance – Circular trading
  14. Guidance – Pre-arranged trading
  15. Guidance – Spreading false or misleading information
  16. Guidance – Other behaviour to spread false or misleading information


“MAC’s courses are very suitable for our employees; good quality content is what we look for.”

Rob Veersma
Global Energy Community
“Really well structured and easy to follow content that is varied in delivery in order to keep the reader engaged. Looking forward to seeing more from the MAC in the future!”

Erika Rabadia
Manager Trading Surveillance

Our Labels

Entrima and Market Abuse Centre (MAC) are the two labels we operate to provide learning services for professionals in the commodity & energy markets.

Content & Context

Entrima’s mission is to transfer knowledge regarding the business, controls & operations of parties in (or relating to) the wholesale markets.


Conduct & Culture

MAC’s mission is to facilitate the prevention & detection of misconduct and to foster proper behaviour in organisations. This is achieved via training, periodic updates and increased awareness.


More information?
Download our Course Guide


Market Abuse Centre facilitates prevention & detection of market abuse. We set learning standards for minimum required knowledge and provide training accordingly.


We offer a comprehensive curriculum of online self-study training courses regarding a wide variety of topics.

Overview of our Courses


For more information please contact us on [email protected]
Beursplein 5
1012 JW Amsterdam
Chamber of Commerce
VAT number
Bank Account
IBAN NL25ABNA0828446555